End Notes

CHAPTERS

Preface

Bird of Flight

1 – Changing Times in the Adirondacks “Portraying the extraordinary life of a true Adirondack native.” is a wonderful read.  Written by Norton Bus (Buster) Bird in 1999, it was self-published by his family and relates his life in vivid gripping narrative.

Another book which highlights the life of Buster Bird in a fun way for kids is

Buzz the Little Seaplane.

Buzz Little Seaplane

2 – Photo from the Carlin Boat Livery Collection courtesy of Jim Kammer, Raquette Lake Historian.

The Changing Times to the Adirondacks

1 – An Adirondack Resort in the Nineteenth Century: Blue Mountain Lake 1870-1900 Stagecoaches and Luxury Hotels.  Harold K. Hochschild. 1962. page 1.

2 – Jerold Pepper. Adirondack Museum Librarian.

3 –  A copy of this Forest and Stream letter was found within 19 scrapbooks created by Emma Treadwell Thacher, wife of John Boyd Thacher, which are in the collection of the New York State Library.  If not for these scrapbooks, the letter would never have been discovered in the course of my research as it is signed simply “Boyd”.

4. – The details regarding railroad, stagecoach, buckboard and steamboat travel come from An Adirondack Resort in the Nineteenth Century: Blue Mountain Lake 1870-1900 Stagecoaches and Luxury Hotels.  Harold K. Hochschild. 1962 and Heydays of the Adirondacks. Maitland Desormo. 1975.

5 – Jerold Pepper. Adirondack Museum Librarian and the timeline on the Church of the Good Shepherd’s website www.sthubertsisle.com.

A Cabin in Time

1 – The History of Hamilton County. Ted Aber & Stella King. 1965. page 793.

2 – The details on early lodgings in Blue Mountain Lake come from Resort Hotels of the Adirondacks by Bryant Franklin Tolles. 2003

Why Indian Point?

1 – Adirondack Wilderness. Jane Eblen Keller. 1980. Page 34.

2 – “A History In Fragments”. Lynn Woods. Adirondack Life. Nov/Dec 1994.

3 – Ibid.

4 – “Aboriginal Use of Wood in New York” Bulletin 89. Archeology II. New York State Museum.  1905. Page 96.

5 – “Wigwam Rises in Blue Mountain Lake”. Paul Oestreicher. Hamilton County Express. Oct. 12, 2013.

6 – “A History In Fragments”. Lynn Woods. Adirondack Life. Nov/Dec 1994.

7 – Historical Exhibit of New York State at the Jamestown Exposition. Cuyler Reynolds. 1907. Page 18.

8 – Little Speeches by John Boyd Thacher. John Boyd Thacher. 1896. Page 60.

9 – “Four Wampum Belts The Subject of a Supreme Court Suit.” Los Angeles Herald. Dec 24, 1898.

            In 1893, four historic wampum belts of the Iroquois Confederacy were offered to the Commissioners of the Columbian Exposition in Chicago.  Due to lack of funding, one of the commissioners, John Boyd Thacher, purchased the belts for $500 from Rev. Oliver Crane of Boston.  Rev. Crane had purchased them from General Henry B. Carrington, who had bought them from Thomas Webster, an Onondaga Indian who was the official Wampum Keeper of the Six Nations.

             The Onondaga Nation brought suit in 1898 seeking the return of the wampum from John Boyd Thacher claiming that Webster had no right to relinquish possession of these national treasures.  In a court case eventually settled by the US Supreme Court in 1903, John Boyd Thacher was awarded permanent possession.   The wampum belts were donated to the State Museum of New York upon the death of JBT’s widow in 1927.

            The controversial court decision was based on the questionable determination that the Iroquois Confederacy no longer existed and the wampum belts were merely historical relics.

This incident can only be viewed today as a mark of shame on our Thacher family heritage and the patronization of Native Americans by the US Courts.  In 1989, almost one hundred years too late, the sacred wampum belts were finally returned to the Onondaga Nation by the State Museum of New York.

 

Farrand Bendict’s Canals

1 – To the Lake of the Skies: The Benedicts in the Adirondacks.  Barbara McMartin. 1996.

2 – “The Wilds of Northern New York”. Farrand Benedict. Putnam Magazine. September 1854. pp. 263-270.

3 – To the Lake of the Skies: The Benedicts in the Adirondacks.  Barbara McMartin. 1996. and When Men and Mountains Meet. Jerold Pepper. in Adirondack Prints and Printmakers. 1998.

4 – The Hudson, from the Wilderness to the Sea. Benson J. Lossing. 1866.

5 – Tupper Lake: Images of America.  Jon Kopp. 2012.

6 – Logging Railroads of the Adirondacks. Bill Gove. 2006.

 

Matthew Beach and William Wood

1 – The Adirondack or Life in the Woods. Joel Tyler Headley. 1849

2 – Ibid.

3 – “A Week in the Wilderness” Four letters published in The New York Times by Henry Jarvis Raymond in 1855 as transcribed in the Addendum to Chapter 13 of Township 34 by Harold Hochschild.  Adirondack Museum Library.

4 – “Original Letters from a Sporting Naturalist #5”. Charles W. Webber. The Spirit of the Times.  November 24, 1849.

5 – “Sketchings” The Crayon. William James Stillman. ed. November 28, 1855.

6 – Lake George: It’s Scenes and Characteristics, with Glimpses of the Olden Times.  B. D. De Costa. 1868.

7 – Trappers of New York. Jeptha R. Simms. 1851 and Historical Sketches of Northern New York and the Adirondack Wilderness. Nathaniel Bartlett Sylvester. 1877 and The Life and Adventures of Nat Foster. Arthur Lester Byron-Curtis. 1912.

8 – Letter from David Read to Joel Tyler Headley. 1849. As published in The Adirondacks or Life in the Woods. Original handwritten letter in the Adirondack Museum Library.

9 – Constable Family Trip letter in The Spirit of the Times. Bob Racket (pseudonym). January 30, 1844.

10 – The Constables: First Family of the Adirondacks. Edith Pilcher. 1992.

11 – Hamilton County Historian William Zullo.

12 – “Fifth Annual Report of the Survey of the Second Geological District”. Ebenezer Emmons. Document #150 of the Assembly of the State of New York. 1841.

13 – The Mammals of the Adirondack Region. Clinton Hart Merriam. 1886.

14 – “The Last Adirondack Moose” Forest and Stream. June 9, 1900. and “Moose in the Adirondacks” The Daily Times Watertown, NY January 8, 1894.

15 – A. P. Edwards 1852 trip as described in “Report of the Committee on Internal Affairs of Towns and Counties on Petition of Supervisors and others, of Hamilton County.” Document #94 of the Assembly of the State of New York. Vol 3. 1860.

16 – Diary [of Adirondack Trip] Summer 1851.  James McEntee. Manuscript and transcription at the Adirondack Museum Library.

17 – Pilcher.

18 – Deed Book 5, Page 249. Hamilton County Clerk. Book of Deeds. Lake Pleasant, NY.

19 – Long Lake Wesleyan Church website

20 -Deed Book 6, Page 519. Hamilton County Clerk. Book of Deeds. Lake Pleasant, NY.

21 – Descriptive Guide to the Adirondacks. Edwin R. Wallace. 14th Edition. 1889. and the historian Larry Miller.

 

Sir John Johnson’s Escape: A Tale Retold

1 – Annual Report of the Forest Commission of the State of New York for the Year Ending December 31, 1891. 1892. p. 257

2- Deed Book 6, Page 519. Hamilton County Clerk. Book of Deeds. Lake Pleasant, NY.

3 – The History of American Weather: Early American Winters 1604-1820. American Meterological Society. David M. Ludlum. 1966. pgs. 82-83, 95

4 – Life of Joseph Brant-Thayendanegea.  William Stone 1838. Vol 1, p. 144

5 – “Van Antwerp Guest Speaker at Junior School Exercises”. The Morning Herald. March 18, 1938 p. 19

6 – “Revolutionary War Buffs Retrace Washingon-Rochambeau Route”. Gerry J. Gilmore. Armed Forces Press Service. September 20, 2006

7 – Miscellanies, by an officer. Arent Schuyler DePeyster. 1888. Appendix XLIX

8 – Canada Invaded 1775–1776.  George Stanley. 1973

9 – American Archives: Documents of the American Revolution 1774-1776. S4-V6 pgs. 643-645

10 – http://www.adkforum.com/archive/index.php/t-12606.html

11 – http://esnowshoes.com/snowshoeing-101/snowshoeing-how-far-how-fast/

12 – The Edge of the Woods. Jon Parmenter. 2010. p. XLVIII

13 – see Note # 4

14 – Personal email communication with Sue Herne. November 13, 2014.

15 – see Note #9

16 – Ibid.

17 – A Historical Account of Settlements of Scotch Highlanders in America Prior to the Peace of 1783: Chapter 8 – Highland Settlement on the Mohawk. J. P. MacLean. 1900. p. 207

18 – see Note #5

19 – Aboriginal Use of Wood in New York. William Martin Beauchamp. 1905. pgs. 139-141

20 – The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents: Travels and Explorations of the Jesuit Missionaries in New France 1610-1791. 1896. Vol. 44: Iroquois of Lower Canada 1656-1658. Rueben Gold Thwaites. p. 239

 

The August Forest Camp on Raquette Lake

1 – Syracuse Post-Standard.  June 21, 1915.

2 – State Forest Camps in the Adirondacks. Bulletin of the New York State College of Forestry at Syracuse University. Volume XV. No. 8. March, 1915. and The  New York State College of Forestry at Syracuse University: a history of its first twenty five years, 1911-1936. Laurie Davidson Cox and Raymond J. Hoyle. 1936

3 – State Forest Camps in the Adirondacks. page 12.

4 – Private email communications with Flora Nyland, College Archivist at the SUNY College of Environmental Science & Forestry.  October 19 and 25, 2011.

5 – Herald Dispatch. August 1, 1900.

6.  “Roots of American Forestry Education.” James Lassoie, Raymond Oglesby, and Peter Smallidge. Forest History Today. 1998. page 21.

7 – Ibid.

8 – Oral History Interview with Ralph Sheldon Hosmer. Bruce C. Harding. Forest History Foundation. November 4, 1957.

9 – New York Forestry. Volume 7. No. 3. August, 1920. New York State Forestry Association. page 18.

10 – Oral History Interview with Ralph Sheldon Hosmer.

11 – Sixth Annual Report of the Forest, Fish and Game Commission for 1900.  James B. Lyon. State Printer. 1901. page 16.

12 – “Roots of American Forestry Education.” page 23

13 – Letter to Governor Charles Hughes. June 8, 1910.  Louis Marshall. in Luis Marshall, Champion of Liberty: Selected Papers and Addresses. Charles Reznikoff, ed. 1957. pages 1081-1082.

14 – American Forestry. Volume 22. No. 265. January, 1916. page 62

15 – State Forest Camps in the Adirondacks. page 8.

16 – State Forest Camps in the Adirondacks. pages 9-10.

 

The Triangulation of Verplanck Colvin

1 – Verplanck Colvin, American Wilderness Surveyor and Savior. Kermit Remele. http://www.colvincrew.org/core/wp-content/uploads/remele_fig_speech.pdf 

2 – Peaks and People of the Adirondacks. Russell Carson. 1928. page 173

3 – “New York Surveys – Recent Progress”. The Cultivator & Country Gentleman. April 29, 1880. page 286.

4 – Remele

5 – Colvin’s Field Book 98 page 6 as told by The Colvin Crew in Recovery #18.  http://www.colvincrew.org/core/wp-content/uploads/trip-write-up3.pdf

6 – Seventh Annual Report on the Progress of the Topographical Survey of the Adirondack Region of New York, to the year 1879.  Verplanck Colvin. page 119.

7 – Colvin. Hudson-Mohawk Genealogical and Family Memoirs. Schenectady Digital History Archive.

8 – Private email communication with Hillary Johnson King, Albany Academy Archivist. May 21, 2013.

9 – Proceedings of the 1876 New York State Democratic Convention.

10 – “Thacher was a man of ideas and action.” Tim Albright. Altamont Enterprise.

11 – Transactions of the Albany Institute. Volume XI. 1887.

12 – Colvin. Hudson-Mohawk Genealogical and Family Memoirs. Schenectady Digital History Archive.

13 – Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers. Volume 34. 1903.

14 – “The Helderbergs”  Verplanck Colvin. Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. vol. 39. 1869 June/November. page 652

15 – Albright

16 – Ibid.

17 – Annual Report. American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society. 1915.

18 – Footsteps through the Adirondacks: The Verplanck Colvin Story. Nina Webb. 1996. and Remele.

 

He Who Would Give the Name – Adirondacks – Prof. Ebenezer Emmons

1 – State of New York in Assembly. No. 150.  Communication from the Governor to the Assembly transmitting several reports relative to the Geological Survey of the State 1841.

2 – Peaks and People of the Adirondacks.  Russell M. Carson. 1927.

3 – Documents of the State of New York in Assembly. 61st Session Vol IV. 1838.

4 – Carson

5 – “Sketch of Ebenezer Emmons”. Popular Science Monthly. Vol 48. January 1896.

6 – “Ebenezer Emmons, 1799-1863” – Dictionary of North Carolina Biography. edited by William S. Powell. 1979.

7 – Popular Science Monthly

8 – “Ebenezer Emmons and the Foundations of American Geology” Cecil J. Schneer. Isis. Vol 60. No. 4 Winter 1969. pp. 439-450

9 – Adirondack Profiles.  William L. Wessels. 1961.

10 – State of New York in Assembly. No. 150.

11 – Contested Terrain: a new history of nature and people in the Adirondacks. Philip G. Terrie. 1997.

12 – State of New York in Assembly. No. 150.

 

Alvah Dunning: The Hermit Who Could Not Escape Civilization

1 –  History of Hamilton County. Frederick C. Aber, Jr. and Stella King. 1965 page 789

2 – My Angling Friends. Fred Mather. 1901. page 130

3 – Ibid.

4 – “Etchings as a Diversion”. Arpad G. Gerster M.D. Medical Pickwick Vol. 2. 1916. page 365

5 –  Hamilton County Court Records. Deed Book #9 Page 115

6 –  Mather. pages 124-125

7 –  Ibid. page 127

8 –  Ibid. page 125

9 –  Hamilton County Supreme Court: People vs. Jennie H. Ladew and Joseph H. Ladew. 1915. In the Court of Appeals of the State of New York. Vol. 144. 1923. Section 603. page 201.

10 – The Republican-Journal. June 20, 1916. page 6.

11 –  Forest and Stream. January 27, 1894. page 72.

12 –  Forest and Stream. March 22, 1902. page 230.

 

 

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s